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Hitler’s Medicine

November 26, 2012 Leave a comment

So apparently Hitler was a meth addict:

It is difficult to know to what extent Morell’s prescribing was of his own initiative or as demanded by Hitler. For example, there is no doubt that he gave intravenous glucose and Pervitin (methylamphetamine) to Hitler on any occasion when he needed a boost, and especially before his famous ‘rabble-rousing’ speeches to assembled thousands of devotees.

http://www.rcpe.ac.uk/journal/issue/journal_35_1/Hitler%27s_medical_care.pdf

As I wrote this at Starbucks, I was approached by a woman asking for donations to a woman’s home. She, not-coincidentally, was a meth addict who heard the gospel in the home and was saved (and has a good understanding of what that means). Praise God.

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RescueTime

November 22, 2012 Leave a comment

I started using RescueTime yesterday. “RescueTime is a web-based time management and analytics tool for knowledge workers who want to be more efficient and productive.” It does this by monitoring and tracking how you spend your time on your computer, including what type of sites you visit (social networking, news, email, business, etc) and for how long. The initial setup asks you to categorize your most distracting browsing habits that lower productivity. They were confused by my selection:

Categories: Uncategorized

George Gillespie – Necessary Consequences

November 12, 2012 2 comments

George Gillespie was from 1643 a member of the Westminster Assembly, in which he took a prominent part: he was appointed by the Scottish Church one of the four commissioners to the Assembly. Below is his essay on “good and necessary consequence”. I’m posting it here because it took a fair amount of googling to find a text version of this essay anywhere online. This essay is frequently cited as the best source for understanding WCF 1.6 “The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for His own glory, man’s salvation, faith and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture”

 

Miscellany Questions. In the Works of George Guillesipe. Volume 2, p 101-103. Still Water Revival Books .Edmonton.:1991.

CHAPTER XX.

NECESSARY CONSEQUENCES.

This assertion must neither be so far en­larged as to comprehend the erroneous rea­sonings and consequences from Scripture which this or that man, or this or that church, apprehend and believe to be strong and necessary consequences (I speak of what is, not of what is thought to be a necessary consequence): neither yet must it be so far contracted and straitened as the Arrainians would have it, who admit of no proofs from Scripture, but either plain explicit texts, or such consequences as are nulli non obvice, as neither are, nor can be, controverted by any man who is rationis compos (see their Prcef. ante Exam. Cens., and their Examen, cap. 25, p. 283); by which princi­ple, if embraced, we must renounce many ne­cessary truths which the reformed churches hold against the Arians, Antitrinitarians, Socinians, Papists, because the consequences and arguments from Scripture brought to prove them are not admitted as good by the adversaries.

This also I must, in the second place, premise, that the meaning of the assertion is not that human reason, drawing a conse­quence from Scripture, can be the ground of our belief or conscience; for although the consequence or argumentation be drawn forth by men’s reasons, yet the consequent itself, or conclusion, is not believed nor em­braced by the strength of reason, but because it is the truth and will of God, which Came-ro., Prael., torn. 1, p. 364, doth very well clear: Ante omnia hoc tenendum est, aliud esse consequently rationem deprehendere, aliud ipsum consequens ; nam, ut monui-mus supra, scepenumero deprehenditur consequentice ratio, cum nee comprehenda-tur antecedens nee deprehendatur conse-qwens, tantitm intelligitur hoc ex illo se-qui. Jam hoc constitute, dicimus non esse Jidei proprium, sed rationis etiam, despi-cere consequentice rationem ; dicimus ta-men Jidei esse proprium consequens cre­dere. Nee inde tamen sequitur fidem (quia consequens creditur) niti ratione, quia ratio non hie argumentum sed in-strumentum est, quemadmodum cum fides dicitur esse ” ex auditu,” auditus non est argumentum Jidei, sed est instrumentum.

Thirdly, Let us here observe with Ger­hard, a distinction between corrupt reason and renewed or rectified reason; or between natural reason arguing in divine things from natural and carnal principles, sense, experi­ence and the like, and reason captivated and subdued to the obedience of Christ (2 Cor. x. 4, 5), judging of divine things not by hu­man, but by divine rules, and standing to scriptural principles, how opposite soever they may be to the wisdom of the flesh. It is the latter, not the former reason; which will be convinced and satisfied with conse­quences and conclusions drawn from Scrip­ture, in things which concern the glory of God, and matters spiritual or divine.

Fourthly, There are two sorts of conse­quences which Aquinas, part 1, quest. 32, art. 1, distinguished!: 1. Such as make a sufficient and strong proof, or where the consequence is necessary and certain, as, for instance, saith he, when reason is brought in natural science to prove that the motion of the heaven is ever of uniform swiftness, not at one time slower and another time swift­er. 2. By way of agreeableness or conveniency, as in astrology (saith he), this reason is brought for the eccentrics or epicycles, be­cause, by these (being supposed) the pheno­mena or apparentia sensibilia in the celes­tial motions may be solved: which he thinks is no necessary proof, because their phenome­na may be solved another way, and by mak­ing another supposition. Now the conse­quences from Scripture are likewise of two sorts, some necessary, strong and certain, and of these I here speak in this assertion; others which are good consequences to prove a suitableness or agreeableness of this orthat to Scripture, though another thing may be also proved to be agreeable unto the same Scripture in the same or another place. This latter sort are in divers things of very great use; but for the present I speak of necessary consequences. I have now ex­plained the assertion, I will next prove it by these arguments:

Arg. 1. First, from the example of Christ and his apostles. Christ proved, against the Sadducees, the resurrection of the dead, from the Pentateuch,—which was the only Scrip­ture acknowledged by them, as many think, though some others hold there is no war­rant for thinking so,—Matt. xxii. 31, 32 ; Luke xx. 37, 38, ” Now, that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.” Again, John x. 34—36, ” Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the Scripture cannot be broken; say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; be­cause I said, I am the Son of God.” The apostle Paul proved, by consequence, from Scripture, Christ’s resurrection, Acts xiii. 33, 34, ” He hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give the sure mercies of David.” His God­head is proved, Heb. i. 6, from these words, ” Let all the angels of God worship him.” Divine worship cannot be due, and may not be given to any that is not God.

Arg. 2. Although Hooker in his Eccle­siastical Policy, and other prelatical writ­ers, did hold this difference between the Old and New Testament, that Christ and his apostles hath not descended into all par­ticularities with us as Moses did with theJews, yet, upon examination, it will be found that all the ordinances and holy things of the Christian church are no less deter­mined and contained in the New Testa­ment, than the ordinances in the Jewish church were determined in the Old, andthat there were some necessary things left to be collected by necessary consequences from the law of Moses as well as now from the New Testament. If we consult the Tal­mud, we find there that the law (Num. xv. 31) concerning the soul to be cut off for de­spising the word of the Lord, is applied to those who denied necessary consequences from the law, and (saith the Talmud) if a man would acknowledge the whole law to be from heaven, prceter istam collection-em a majori aut minori, istamve, a pa-ri, is notatwr Hid sententid, quia ver-bum Domini aspernatus est, Exc. G-e-mar. Sanhedrin, cap. 11, sect. 38. So that here are two sorts of necessary consequences from the law, one is a majori aut minori, or, if ye will, a fortiori ;another a pari; either of which being refused, the law itself was despised : yea, it is further to be ob­served with Mr Selden, in his TJxor. He-braica, lib. 1, cap. 3, that the Karcei or Judcei Scripturarii, who reject the addi­tions or traditions of the Talmudical mas­ters, and profess to adhere to the literal and simple sense of the law, without adding to it or diminishing from it, yet even they themselves do not require express words of Scripture for every divine institution ; but what they hold to be commanded or forbid­den by the law of God, such commandment or prohibition they draw from the law three ways,’—either from the very words of the Scripture itself, or by argumentation from Scripture, or by the hereditary transmis­sion of interpretations; which interpretations of Scripture formerly received, the follow­ing generations were afterwards allowed to correct and alter, upon further discovery or better reason. The second way, which was by argumentation, was, by the principles of the Karcei themselves, of two sorts, a pari or a fortiori: which agreeth with the pas­sage of the Talmud before cited. And here­in our writers agree with the Karcei, that all kinds of unlawful and forbidden mar­riages are not expressly mentioned in the law, but divers of them to be collected by consequence, that is, either by parity of reason, or by greater strength of reason; for instance, Lev. xviii. 10, ” The naked­ness of thy son’s daughter, or of thy daugh­ter’s daughter, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover: for theirs is thine own nakedness.” Hence the consequence is drawn a pari: therefore a man may not uncover the nakedness of his great grand­child, or of her who is the daughter of his son’s daughter; for that also is his own nakedness, being a descent in linea recta from himself. From the same text it is collected a fortiori, that much less a man may uncover the nakedness of his own daugh­ter, which yet is not expressly forbidden in the law, but left to be thus collected by necessary consequence from the very same text. It is likewise a necessary consequence that a man may not uncover the nakedness of her who is daughter to his wife’s son, or to his wife’s daughter; for here the reason holds, it is his own nakedness, his wife and he being one flesh, which gives ground to that generally-received rule, that a man may not marry any of his wife’s blood nearer than he may of his own, neither may a wife marry any of her husband’s blood nearer than she may of her own. Again, Lev. xviii. 14, ” Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father’s brother,” &c. Hence it followeth a pari, that a man may not uncover the nakedness of his mother’s brother ; and by parity of reason (ever since that law was made), it is also unlawful for a woman to marry him who hath been hus­band to her father’s sister, or to her mo­ther’s sister, the nearness of blood being alike between uncle and niece as between aunt and nephew. Other instances may bo given, but these may suffice to prove that what doth by necessary consequence follow from the law, must be understood to bo commanded or forbidden by God, as well n.s that which is expressly commanded or for­bidden in the text of Scripture.

Arg. 3. If we say that necessary conse­quences from Scripture prove not a jits divinum, we say that which is inconsistent with the infinite wisdom of God; for al though necessary consequences maybe drawn from a man’s word which do not agree with his mind and intention, and so men an oftentimes ensnared by their words ; yet (as Camera well noteth) God being infinitely wise, it were a blasphemous opinion to hold that anything can be drawn by a certain and necessary consequence from his holj word which is not his will. This were to make the only wise God as foolish as man, who cannot foresee all things which will fol­low from his words. Therefore we must needs hold it is the mind of God which ne­cessarily followeth from the word of God.

Arg. 4.  Divers other great absurdities must follow if this truth be not admitted. How can it be proved that women may par­take of the sacrament of the Lord’s supper, unless we prove it by necessary consequence from Scripture? How can it be proved that this or that church is a true church, and the ministry thereof a true ministry, and the baptism ministered therein true bap­tism ?  Sure no express Scripture will prove it, but necessary consequence will.    How shall this or that individual believer collect from Scripture, that to him, even to him, the covenant  of grace and the promises thereof belong ?   Will Scripture prove this otherwise than by necessary consequence? How will it be proved from Scripture that the late war against the popish and prelatical party, in defense of our religion and liberties, was lawful, that the solemn league and covenant was an acceptable service to God?    Necessary consequence from Scrip­ture will prove all this, but express scrip­tures will not.    The like I say of fastings and thanksgivings now and then, upon this or that occasion.    God calls us to these du­ties, and it is his will that we perform them, yet this cannot be proved from Scripture but by necessary consequences.   This fourth argument will serve for the extension of the present assertion (which I now prove) to its just latitude; that is, that arguments from Scripture by necessary consequence will not only help to prove and strengthen such things which may be otherwise proved from ex­press and plain scriptures, but will be good and sufficient to prove such things by the will and appointment of God, or, as we com­monly say, jure divino, which cannot be proved to be such from any express text of Scripture.

Arg. 5. I shall here take notice of the concession of Theophilus Nicolaides, the Socinian, in his Tractate, de Ecclesice et Misione Ministrorum, cap. 10, p. 121. Al­though he professeth his dissent, both from the reformed and Roman churches, thus far, that he doth not believe things drawn by consequence from Scripture to be equally necessary to salvation as those things con­tained expressly in Scripture, yet he yield-eth the things drawn by consequence to be as certain as the other : Quantumvis,saith he, ceque certa sint quce ex sacris literis de ducuntuf atquc eat, quce in illis expresse et pr/riSs habentur. And generally it may be observed, that even they who most cry down consequences from Scripture, and call for express scriptures, do, notwithstanding, when themselves come to prove from Scrip­ture their particular tenets, bring no other but consequential proofs. So far is wisdom justified, not only of her children, but even of her enemies. Neither is it possible that any Socinian, Erastian, &c., can dispute from Scripture against a Christian, who receiveth and believeth the Scripture to be the word of God, but he must needs take himself to con­sequential proofs: for no Christian will deny what is prjTias, literally and syllabically in Scripture; but all the controversies of faith or religion in the Christian world, were, and are, concerning the sense of Scripture, and consequences drawn from Scripture.

Arg. 6. If we do not admit necessary consequences from Scripture to prove a jits divinum, we shall deny to the great God that which is a privilege of the little gods, or magistrates. Take but one instance in our own age: When the Earl of Stafford was impeached for high treason, one of his defenses was, that no law of the land had determined any of those particulars which were proved against him to be high treason; which defense of his was not confuted by any law which literally and syllabically made many of those particulars to be high trea­son, but by comparing together of several laws, and several matters of fact, and by drawing of necessary consequences from one thing to another, which made up against lim a constructive treason. If there be a constructive or consequential jus humanum there must be much more (for the consider­ations before mentioned) a constructive or consequential jus divinum.

1 Loc. The. de Eccl., num. 252, distinguendum igitur est inter rationem sibi relictam ac aolutam quas sine frceno discurrit, ac suia fertur logismis, quae judicat ac statuit ex suis principiis, qute sunt communes notiones, sensus, experientia, &c., et in­ter rationem per vcrbum Dei refrenatam et sub ob-sequium Cliristi redactam, quee judicat an statuit ex proprio theologias principio, viz. ex verbo Dei in Scriptnris sacris proposito.

1 Loc. The. de Eccl., num. 252, distinguendum igitur est inter rationem sibi relictam ac aolutam quas sine frceno discurrit, ac suia fertur logismis, quae judicat ac statuit ex suis principiis, qute sunt communes notiones, sensus, experientia, &c., et in­ter rationem per vcrbum Dei refrenatam et sub ob-sequium Cliristi redactam, quee judicat an statuit ex proprio theologias principio, viz. ex verbo Dei in Scriptnris sacris proposito.

 

Categories: theology

I Voted Today

November 6, 2012 3 comments

20121106-171125.jpg

I voted today, and here is one of a few reasons why it didn’t matter:

Categories: economics, politics